Goats are curious creatures that will try eating almost anything. If you have goats and cats, you may have wondered if goats can eat cat food. This is an important question, as feeding the wrong diet can harm your goat’s health.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Goats should not eat cat food regularly. While goats may eat a small amount of cat food occasionally with no issue, cat food does not provide the fiber, vitamins and minerals that goats need.

Feeding goats cat food long-term can cause serious digestive and health problems.

In this detailed article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about whether goats can eat cat food. We’ll discuss the nutritional differences between goat and cat food, risks of feeding cat food to goats, and tips for keeping your goats healthy.

The Nutritional Needs of Goats vs. Cats

Goats are ruminants and need high-fiber diets

Goats belong to a group of animals known as ruminants, which includes cows, sheep, and deer. As ruminants, goats have a unique digestive system that allows them to effectively break down and utilize fibrous plant materials.

This means that their diet should primarily consist of high-fiber foods such as grass, hay, and leaves. The high fiber content in their diet helps maintain their digestive health and promotes proper rumen function.

While goats can eat a variety of plant materials, it is important to note that they have different dietary requirements compared to cats. Goats require a balanced diet that includes a mix of fiber, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.

They also need access to fresh water at all times to stay hydrated.

According to the University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources, goats typically require a fiber content of 12-18% in their diet. They also need a protein content of around 12-16% for optimal growth and development.

Cats are obligate carnivores with high protein needs

Cats, on the other hand, are obligate carnivores, which means they have a biological need for a diet that consists primarily of animal-based protein. Unlike goats, cats cannot efficiently digest and utilize plant materials.

Their digestive systems are designed to process and absorb nutrients from animal tissues.

Cats require a diet that is high in protein and contains essential amino acids, such as taurine, which are found in meat. Without a sufficient amount of protein in their diet, cats may develop health issues, including muscle wasting and poor coat quality.

According to the American Association of Feline Practitioners, cats should consume a diet that is at least 30-40% protein on a dry matter basis. They also have specific requirements for other nutrients, including essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals.

Goats Cats
Primary Diet High-fiber foods (grass, hay, leaves) Animal-based protein (meat)
Fiber Requirement 12-18% N/A
Protein Requirement 12-16% 30-40% (on a dry matter basis)
Other Nutritional Needs Carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals Essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals

Risks of Feeding Cat Food to Goats

While goats are known for their ability to eat a wide variety of foods, cat food should not be a part of their diet. Feeding cat food to goats can pose several risks to their health and well-being.

Cat food lacks fiber goats need

One of the main concerns with feeding cat food to goats is that it lacks the necessary fiber that goats require in their diet. Goats are ruminant animals, which means they have a unique digestive system that relies on high-fiber foods to function properly.

Cat food, on the other hand, is typically high in protein and fat but low in fiber. This can lead to digestive issues such as constipation or bloating in goats.

Excess protein taxes the goat’s system

Another problem with feeding cat food to goats is the excessive amount of protein it contains. While goats do need protein in their diet, too much can actually be harmful to their health. Cat food is specifically formulated for cats, which have different nutritional needs than goats.

The high protein content in cat food can put a strain on a goat’s kidneys and liver, leading to potential health problems in the long run.

Vitamin and mineral imbalance

Cat food is not formulated to meet the nutritional needs of goats when it comes to vitamins and minerals. Goats require specific amounts of certain vitamins and minerals to maintain optimal health. Feeding them cat food can result in an imbalance of these nutrients, leading to deficiencies or toxicities.

It’s essential to provide goats with a balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional requirements.

Bacteria and parasites

Feeding cat food to goats can also increase the risk of bacterial infections and parasite infestations. Cat food is not designed to be consumed by goats, and it may contain harmful bacteria or parasites that can cause illness in goats.

Additionally, the ingredients in cat food may attract pests such as flies or rodents, which can further contribute to the spread of diseases among the goat herd.

It is always best to feed goats a diet that is specifically formulated for their nutritional needs. Consult with a veterinarian or a professional animal nutritionist to ensure that your goats are receiving a balanced and appropriate diet.

Healthy Diet Options for Goats

Goats are known for their ability to eat a wide variety of foods, but it’s important to provide them with a healthy and balanced diet. Here are some options to consider when planning the diet for your goats:

Browse and hay for fiber

Fiber is an essential component of a goat’s diet. Goats should have access to browse, which includes leaves and twigs from trees and shrubs. This provides them with natural sources of fiber. Additionally, providing good quality hay is important, as it not only adds fiber but also helps to maintain a healthy digestive system.

Goat feed and minerals

In addition to browse and hay, goats can benefit from a balanced goat feed that is specifically formulated for their nutritional needs. Goat feed typically contains a mix of grains, protein, vitamins, and minerals.

It’s important to choose a feed that is appropriate for the age and activity level of your goats. Mineral supplements, such as salt blocks or loose minerals, should also be provided to ensure that goats are getting all the necessary nutrients.

Free-choice baking soda

Goats have unique digestive systems that can be sensitive to changes in pH levels. To help maintain proper digestion, it is recommended to offer free-choice baking soda. This acts as a natural buffer and can help prevent digestive issues.

However, it is important to monitor the goats’ consumption and consult with a veterinarian if there are any concerns.

Fresh water

Water is essential for goats to maintain their overall health and well-being. Clean, fresh water should be available to goats at all times. Make sure to check water sources regularly and keep them clean to prevent any potential health issues.

Remember, while goats are known for their ability to eat a wide range of foods, it’s important to provide them with a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. Consulting with a veterinarian or an experienced goat owner can help you determine the best diet options for your goats.

Tips for Keeping Goats Out of the Cat Food

Separate feeding areas

When it comes to keeping your goats away from the cat food, one effective strategy is to create separate feeding areas for your cats and goats. Goats are notorious for their curiosity and love for exploring new food sources.

By providing a designated feeding area for your cats, you can minimize the chances of your goats getting access to their food. This can be as simple as placing the cat food in a separate room or using a baby gate to create a barrier.

Feed cats when goats are out grazing

If your goats and cats share the same outdoor space, timing their meals can be a helpful way to prevent goats from interfering with the cat food. Goats are natural grazers and tend to be more focused on eating when they have access to fresh grass or hay.

By feeding your cats when the goats are out grazing, you can reduce the likelihood of them being interested in the cat food. This can help ensure that your cats get their meals undisturbed.

Use covered or elevated cat food bowls

Another practical solution for keeping goats away from cat food is to use covered or elevated bowls. Goats have a knack for finding ways to access food, so using a covered bowl can prevent them from stealing the cat food. Elevated bowls can also be effective, as goats are less likely to reach them.

This can be especially helpful if you have smaller goats or kittens that can’t jump as high.

Distract goats with toys or activities

Goats are curious and intelligent animals, and providing them with toys or activities can help redirect their attention away from the cat food. For example, hanging a treat-filled toy or setting up an obstacle course can keep them entertained and engaged.

By keeping your goats mentally and physically stimulated, they are less likely to be focused on accessing the cat food.

Remember, it’s important to prioritize the specific dietary needs of each animal. While goats may be tempted by cat food, it’s essential to ensure they receive a balanced diet suitable for their species.

If you have any concerns about your pets’ nutrition, it’s always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian.

For more information on goat care and nutrition, you can visit the Spruce Pets website. They offer comprehensive guides and resources to help you better understand and care for your goats.


While goats may try to snack on cat food if given access, it’s important not to make cat food a regular part of a goat’s diet. Cat food lacks essential fiber and nutrients that goats need to stay healthy.

Feeding goats cat food long-term puts them at risk for serious digestive issues, nutritional deficiencies, and parasitism.

The best diet for goats includes high-quality hay or browse, clean water, free-choice baking soda for rumen health, and a specially formulated goat feed to balance nutrients. Keeping cat food out of reach of goats, and feeding cats separately from goat feeding times, can help prevent goats from overindulging in the high-protein, low-fiber cat food.

By understanding the very different nutritional needs of goats versus cats, and taking precautions to limit access, you can help ensure your goats stay happy and healthy.

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