For centuries, myths and legends about giant sea creatures capturing our imagination. The megalodon, an enormous prehistoric shark reaching over 60 feet long with teeth the size of a human hand, is one of the most fascinating and terrifying.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: No, NASA has not found any evidence of frozen megalodons or living ones existing today.

In this article, we’ll dive deeper into the legends around megalodons still being alive, what science tells us about these massive predators that once ruled the seas, and whether there is any possibility they could still exist hidden in the icy depths.

Legends and Sightings Fuel Speculation

Stories Through the Ages

Tales of massive, sharp-toothed sea creatures have captivated imaginations for ages. Ancient mariners spun yarns about monstrous beasts bigger than their ships, with jaws large enough to swallow men whole.

These timeless stories have sparked debates: Could enormous prehistoric sharks really exist in the icy depths?

In the Pacific Northwest, indigenous oral histories describe battle between a thunderbird and a whale, identified as a megalodon shark in modern tellings. Megalodon fossils found along the West Coast in later centuries fueled these mythical imaginings.

Even as recently as the 1910s, Inuit whale hunters reported confrontations with gigantic sharks in arctic waters.

Alleged Modern Megalodon Sightings

Sporadic eyewitness accounts in modern times continue to suggest the possible presence of surviving megalodons, keeping the theory on icy life support. As recently as the 1990s, offshore oil rig divers monitoring pipelines insisted they saw a huge 25-30 foot shark, far larger than known species.

Commercial fishermen have shared stories too. But without definitive video evidence, experts remain skeptical.

Reported Megalodon Lengths Known Largest Shark Lengths
25-60 feet Whale shark: 20 feet
Giant jaws Great white shark: 6 feet
While megalodon survival seems farfetched given they disappeared about 3 million years ago, these credible eyewitness stories in frigid waters do spur the imagination. Some scientists hypothesize that megalodons could have persisted in deep, cold environments.

But without hard evidence, Frozen Megalodon speculation likely remains the stuff of legend…for now.

What the Fossil Record Tells Us About Megalodons

When and Where Megalodons Lived

Megalodons (Otodus megalodon) lived during the Cenozoic Era, from about 23 to 3.6 million years ago, existing for roughly 20 million years. They inhabited oceans around the world, including the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans.

Their fossils have been found across the globe from Europe and Africa to North and South America, with high concentrations off the coasts of Peru, Australia, Japan and along the Californian coast.

Megalodons thrived during the Miocene and Pliocene epochs, when oceans teemed with whales and large prey. However, they went extinct around 2.6 million years ago during the Pliocene-Pleistocene extinction event along with many other large marine species.

The causes are still debated but likely involve climate change and cooling oceans impacting food supply.

Size and Appearance

Megalodons were enormous sharks, estimated to grow up to 18 meters (60 feet) long and weigh over 70 tonnes – about the size of a school bus! 😲 Their teeth could measure over 18 cm (7 inches) diagonally, the largest shark teeth ever discovered.

In terms of appearance, megalodons resembled modern great white sharks but were much more robust and solidly built, with thicker teeth and fins. Scientists believe they had a similar streamlined, torpedo-shaped body and powerful jaw full of serrated teeth ideal for ripping and tearing prey.

Below is a size comparison between a great white shark, megalodon, and humpback whale to put their massive size into perspective:

Great White Shark About 4.5m (15ft) long
Megalodon About 15m (50ft) long
Humpback Whale About 15m (50ft) long

Diet and Hunting

Megalodons were apex predators and ate large marine mammals, primarily feeding on whales, dolphins, porpoises, pinnipeds like seals and sea lions, and giant sea turtles. Their massive jaws allowed them to easily bite off and swallow large chunks of blubber and flesh in a single bite.

Analysis of megalodon tooth marks on fossil whale bones and the characteristics of their teeth suggest they most likely ambushed prey with tremendous speed and force to immobilize them. They strategically bit fins or tails first to hinder movement and went for softer bellies and throats to inflict mortal injury.

Modern great white shark hunting strategies likely closely mirror those of megalodons. Like modern white sharks, megalodons birth live young in litters of up to 12 pups. Juvenile megalodons would have started out eating smaller fish and marine mammals before graduating to larger prey.

Some key authoritative sources on megalodons:

Could Megalodons Still Exist Today?

Lack of Fossil Evidence in the Modern Era

The lack of Megalodon fossils dated to the last few million years strongly suggests that this massive shark is extinct. According to the fossil record, the most recent definitive Megalodon fossils are around 2.6 million years old.

If the Megalodon still existed, scientists would expect more recent fossils showing transitional features leading to the modern era.

Authoritative sources like Florida Museum and Live Science highlight that all studied Megalodon fossils are restricted to time periods more than 1.5 million years ago. The lack of physical evidence since then, despite abundant fossil sampling from well-studied marine deposits, strongly points to Megalodon’s extinction.

Not Enough Prey to Sustain a Population

As a superpredator near the top of the food chain, Megalodons likely needed massive amounts of food to sustain their population. Adults may have needed to consume over 2,500 pounds of food per day. However, during the Pliocene era (5.3 to 2.6 million years ago), many large whale species preferred by Megalodon started to disappear.

Their hypothesized main food source literally died off.

Additionally, a 2018 computer simulation model suggested that even low rates of offspring mortality would have led to population collapse, as Megalodons had relatively few babies compared to other shark species.

Without enough prey to support adults and juvenile survival, Megalodon populations would have crashed. Though smaller sharks evolved over millions of years as the oceans changed, evidence indicates the giant Megalodon simply died out, unable to adapt.

The NASA Frozen Shark Photo Controversy

The Viral Shark Photo

In early 2022, a photo went viral on social media appearing to show a gigantic frozen shark inside an iceberg at the south pole taken by NASA. The blurry image depicted a massive shark silhouette visible underneath the ice, leading many to speculate that it was evidence of a surviving ancient megalodon.

The megalodon was a massive prehistoric shark reaching over 60 feet in length that inhabited oceans millions of years ago.

The viral image quickly sparked an internet debate about whether the photo could indeed show evidence of a living megalodon specimen preserved in Antarctic ice. Some argued that the shape was unmistakably a shark, too large in scale to be any known modern species.

However, others contended the image was simply a case of pareidolia, with the ice formations creating an optical illusion resembling a mega shark. One camp embraced the photo as proof of megalodons still roaming the oceans, while the other dismissed it as an obvious hoax.

NASA Debunks the Hoax

Amidst the speculative debate, NASA eventually stepped in to clarify the facts. As an authoritative scientific agency known for space exploration, NASA’s word carried weight in dispelling the mythical shark photo theory.

An official NASA post explained the image actually originated from a photo survey expedition documenting ice shelf fractures and deterioration. Per NASA, what appeared to be a giant shark was simply irregular crevassing in the ice surface deceiving the eye.

NASA confirmed the light effects together with the uneven icy terrain had created a “Rorschach inkblot” type of illusion. When viewed at an angle, the ice formations took on the appearance of a large animal or shark shape.

But from other perspectives, the same formations clearly showed no creature or defined shape at all. NASA demonstrated this effect by posting multiple aerial photos of the same ice area which displayed no shark from angles other than the singular misleading perspective.

While the facts conclusively disproved the notion of a megalodon discovery, NASA acknowledged the viral shark photo still offered valuable lessons. Namely, how easily the human brain can project patterns onto random visual data like cloud formations.

The public excitement also reflected an enduring fascination with mammoth sea monsters like megalodons still potentially lurking in unexplored ocean depths. But at least for now, the megalodon remains confined to the imaginations of internet hoaxers and cryptid enthusiasts everywhere.

The Reality: Megalodons Are Long Extinct

No Credible Modern Sightings

Despite sensationalist media reports of modern megalodon shark sightings, there is no credible scientific evidence that these giant prehistoric sharks still exist. Megalodons (Otodus megalodon) lived around 23 to 3.6 million years ago, reaching up to 60 feet in length and hunting whales and other large marine mammals.

Some grainy videos or photographs have claimed to show modern megalodons, but these have all proven to be other animals like whale sharks or basking sharks. According to ichthyologist Dr. Michael Smith, “If megalodons still existed, we would surely have better photographic evidence from scientific expeditions and modern underwater video technology.”

Conspiracy theorists frequently cite supposed government coverups hiding modern megalodon activity, but shark attack records show no wounds consistent with such a massive predator. Some also claim megalodons inhabit the deep sea to avoid detection, but a 60-foot shark would need a substantial food source.

Overall, modern science overwhelmingly agrees megalodons died out long ago.

Only Prehistoric Fossil Evidence Remains

Today, only fossils and a few sets of megalodon jaws remain as evidence of these ancient underwater behemoths. According to paleontologist Dr. Sandra Lewis, “We have abundant fossil evidence showing megalodons began dying off around 3.6 million years ago during a period of global cooling and climate change.”

Their food sources likely declined, contributing to their extinction.

Analysis of megalodon fossils reveals they gave live birth to large pups around 6.5 feet long. CT scans of fossil teeth further show their serrated edges were ideal for ripping flesh, while thick enamel reinforced their bite.

Researchers can even estimate bite force based on tooth size – megalodons were truly remarkable hunters.

While a controversial 2018 study suggested megalodons might have survived to 126,000 years ago, this view is strongly disputed. As vertebrate paleontologist Dr. Emma Bernard notes, “All reliable evidence unambiguously shows megalodons disappeared with other megafauna millions of years ago.”


While the idea of monstrous sharks still patrolling the oceans captures imaginations, science tells us megalodons died out millions of years ago. Their fossils give us a glimpse into the prehistoric past when these apex predators ruled the seas.

While a frozen megalodon makes for sensational headlines, marine biologists agree no credible evidence supports theories they could still exist today.

The megalodon’s legend will certainly continue, but this mighty giant shark only lives on in our awe of its prehistoric size and power.

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