If you’ve ever encountered an adorable baby bunny in the wild, you may have wondered if picking it up and taking it home is a good idea. Baby bunnies are incredibly cute, but are they safe to handle? Can baby rabbits give you diseases if you touch or hold them?

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Wild baby bunnies can potentially carry diseases like tularemia and salmonellosis that can spread to humans, so it’s best not to touch or handle them unless absolutely necessary.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about disease risks from baby bunnies found in the wild. We’ll discuss common ailments that afflict baby rabbits, how these illnesses can spread to humans, and steps you can take to protect yourself and the bunnies.

Typical Diseases in Baby Bunnies

Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)

Tularemia, also known as Rabbit Fever, is a bacterial infection that can affect baby bunnies. It is caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis and is transmitted through ticks, fleas, and contact with contaminated soil or water.

Baby bunnies infected with tularemia may experience symptoms such as fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, and swollen lymph nodes. If you suspect your baby bunny may have tularemia, it is important to seek veterinary care immediately.

For more information on tularemia and its prevention, you can visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website.


Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection caused by the Salmonella bacteria. Baby bunnies can contract this disease through the consumption of contaminated food or water. Symptoms of salmonellosis in baby bunnies may include diarrhea, lethargy, loss of appetite, and dehydration.

It is important to practice good hygiene when handling baby bunnies to prevent the transmission of salmonella.

Learn more about salmonellosis and its prevention from the CDC’s website.

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease (RHD) is a highly contagious viral disease that affects rabbits, including baby bunnies. It is caused by the calicivirus and can lead to severe internal bleeding and organ damage.

Symptoms of RHD in baby bunnies may include fever, loss of appetite, lethargy, and sudden death. It is crucial to vaccinate baby bunnies against RHD to prevent the spread of the virus.

To learn more about Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease and its prevention, you can visit the World Health Organization (WHO) website.


Myxomatosis is a viral disease that primarily affects rabbits, including baby bunnies. It is transmitted through biting insects such as fleas, mosquitoes, and mites. Myxomatosis can cause swelling of the eyes, nose, and genitals, as well as respiratory issues and skin lesions.

While there is no specific treatment for myxomatosis, prevention through vaccination and controlling insect populations is essential.

For more information on myxomatosis and its prevention, you can visit the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) website.

Parasites Like Mites and Ticks

Baby bunnies can also be susceptible to parasitic infestations, such as mites and ticks. These parasites can cause skin irritation, itching, and hair loss in baby bunnies. Regular grooming, keeping the bunny’s living environment clean, and using appropriate parasite prevention methods can help protect baby bunnies from these pesky critters.

Transmission of Rabbit Diseases to Humans

While baby bunnies may be cute and cuddly, it’s important to be aware of the potential for disease transmission. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how rabbit diseases can be transmitted to humans.

Through Direct Contact

Direct contact with baby bunnies can put humans at risk of contracting certain diseases. Rabbits can carry bacteria such as Pasteurella multocida, which can cause respiratory infections in humans. It’s important to handle rabbits with care and practice good hygiene, such as washing hands thoroughly after handling them.

Through Fleas, Ticks, or Mosquitoes

Fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes are common carriers of diseases and can transmit them from rabbits to humans. These pests can carry parasites like Encephalitozoon cuniculi, which can cause serious infections in humans.

It’s crucial to take preventative measures such as using flea and tick control products for your rabbits and keeping their living areas clean to minimize the risk of disease transmission.

Through Eating Undercooked Rabbit Meat

Consuming undercooked rabbit meat can also pose a risk of disease transmission. Just like any other meat, rabbit meat may contain bacteria and parasites that can cause foodborne illnesses. Therefore, it’s important to ensure rabbit meat is cooked thoroughly to kill any potential pathogens.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends cooking rabbit meat to an internal temperature of 160°F (71°C) to ensure it is safe to eat.

Through Exposure to Feces

Exposure to rabbit feces can also lead to disease transmission. Rabbits can carry a parasite called Cryptosporidium, which can cause gastrointestinal infections in humans. It’s important to properly handle and dispose of rabbit droppings, especially if you have young children or individuals with weakened immune systems in your household.

Always wear gloves and wash hands thoroughly after cleaning the rabbit’s living area.

Protecting Yourself When Handling Baby Bunnies

When it comes to handling baby bunnies, it’s important to take certain precautions to protect yourself from any potential diseases they may carry. While baby bunnies are generally harmless, there are some steps you can take to ensure your safety.

Wear Gloves and Wash Hands Afterwards

One of the most effective ways to protect yourself when handling baby bunnies is to wear gloves. Gloves act as a barrier between you and any potential pathogens that the bunnies may be carrying. Make sure to choose gloves that are disposable and easily washable.

After handling the bunnies, it’s crucial to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water to eliminate any potential germs.

Inspect for Ticks

Ticks are common parasites that can be found on baby bunnies. These tiny creatures can transmit various diseases, such as Lyme disease. To protect yourself, it’s important to carefully inspect the bunnies for any signs of ticks before handling them.

If you do find any ticks, it’s best to consult a veterinarian for proper removal and prevention methods.

Cook Rabbit Meat Thoroughly

If you plan on consuming rabbit meat, it’s essential to cook it thoroughly to kill any potential bacteria or parasites. Cooking the meat at a high temperature ensures that it is safe to eat and eliminates any risks of foodborne illnesses.

Make sure to follow proper cooking guidelines and use a food thermometer to ensure the meat reaches the appropriate internal temperature.

Disinfect Areas Where Rabbits Live

Another way to protect yourself from potential diseases is to regularly disinfect the areas where the baby bunnies live. This includes their cages, toys, and any other surfaces they come into contact with.

Using a mild disinfectant solution and following the instructions on the label can help eliminate any harmful bacteria or viruses.

Remember, while baby bunnies can be adorable and fun to handle, it’s important to prioritize your safety. By following these guidelines, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable experience when interacting with baby bunnies.

What To Do If You Find a Baby Bunny

If you come across a baby bunny in your yard or any outdoor space, it can be tempting to intervene and help. However, it’s important to handle the situation correctly to ensure the safety and well-being of the bunny. Here are some steps you should take if you find a baby bunny:

Contact Wildlife Rescue Center

The first thing you should do when you find a baby bunny is to contact your local wildlife rescue center. These organizations are trained and equipped to handle wildlife emergencies and will be able to provide the best care for the baby bunny.

They can advise you on the next steps to take and may even be able to send someone to pick up the bunny if necessary.

Avoid Direct Contact

While it may be tempting to pick up the baby bunny, it’s important to avoid direct contact as much as possible. Baby bunnies are extremely vulnerable and can easily get injured or stressed if handled improperly.

Instead, observe the bunny from a distance and let the professionals handle the situation.

Monitor the Area for Signs of Sickness

If you notice any signs of sickness or injury in the baby bunny, it’s important to let the wildlife rescue center know immediately. Common signs of illness in baby bunnies include lethargy, loss of appetite, discharge from the eyes or nose, and difficulty breathing.

These could be indications of a serious health issue, and the bunny will need medical attention as soon as possible.

Disinfect Shoes and Clothing

After encountering a baby bunny, it’s important to take precautions to prevent the spread of any potential diseases. Bunnies can carry parasites and other pathogens that can be harmful to humans and other animals.

To minimize the risk, thoroughly disinfect your shoes and clothing that may have come into contact with the bunny or its habitat. This will help prevent the transmission of any potential diseases.

Remember, it’s always best to leave the care of wildlife to the professionals. By following these steps and contacting a wildlife rescue center, you can ensure that the baby bunny receives the proper care it needs.


In summary, baby bunnies living in the wild can harbor diseases that are transmissible to humans, so caution should be exercised when encountering them. It’s best not to touch or handle baby rabbits you find unless you have to move them out of immediate danger.

Always wear gloves, wash up afterwards, and cook rabbit meat thoroughly before eating. If you have further concerns about disease risks from baby bunnies, contact your local wildlife officials or rescue organizations for guidance.

Stay safe and enjoy observing these adorable creatures from a distance!

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