Goats are curious animals that will try eating almost anything. If you’ve ever wondered “do goats eat other goat heads?”, you’re not alone. While gruesome, this is a fascinating question about goat behavior and diet.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: goats sometimes nibble on bones, including the skulls of other goats, but they don’t typically eat the entire head.

In this approximately 3000 word article, we’ll take an in-depth look at goat diets, their behavior around carcasses, and reasons why they may gnaw on bones.

An Overview of Goats’ Diets

When it comes to their diets, goats are known to be opportunistic herbivores. They have a wide-ranging palate and can eat a variety of plant materials. While goats are often associated with eating grass, their diet is actually much more diverse than that.

Goats Are Opportunistic Herbivores

Goats have a unique ability to adapt to their environments and take advantage of whatever food sources are available. This means that they will eat not only grass but also shrubs, trees, weeds, and even agricultural crops if given the chance.

Their ability to forage for a wide variety of plant materials makes them excellent at clearing land and controlling unwanted vegetation.

Goats Love Browsing on Shrubs and Trees

One of the reasons goats are often used for land management is their love for browsing on shrubs and trees. They have a natural inclination to reach up and nibble on the leaves and twigs of these plants.

This behavior not only provides them with a nutritious food source but also helps to keep shrubs and trees in check, preventing them from overgrowing and becoming a nuisance.

Goats Also Graze on Grasses and Weeds

While goats are not solely grazers like cows and sheep, they do enjoy grazing on grasses and weeds. In fact, goats can consume a significant amount of grass in a day. They have a unique ability to use their lips and tongues to select the most nutritious parts of the plants, allowing them to maximize their nutrient intake.

Feed Supplements Can Round Out the Diet

While goats are incredibly resourceful when it comes to finding food, it is important to ensure that they are receiving a well-balanced diet. This can be achieved by providing them with feed supplements that contain essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and proteins.

These supplements can help to round out their diet and ensure that they remain healthy and productive.

Goat Behavior Around Carcasses and Bones

Scavenging Is Normal Among Herbivores

While it may seem strange to think of herbivorous animals like goats scavenging for food, it is actually a common behavior among many herbivores. When food sources are limited, herbivores may resort to scavenging carcasses and bones to supplement their diet.

This behavior allows them to obtain additional nutrients that may not be readily available in their regular foraging areas. Goats, known for their adaptability and resourcefulness, are no exception to this behavior.

Goats Are Attracted to the Scent of Blood

One of the main reasons goats are attracted to carcasses and bones is the scent of blood. Goats have a keen sense of smell, and the odor of blood can be highly enticing to them. This scent triggers their instinctual behavior to investigate and potentially consume the source of the scent.

While goats primarily feed on vegetation, their curiosity and opportunistic nature may lead them to explore and interact with carcasses and bones.

Chewing Bones Helps Wear Down Teeth

Contrary to popular belief, goats do not eat bones for the purpose of obtaining nutrients. Instead, chewing bones serves a different purpose for these animals. Goats have continuously growing teeth, and chewing on bones helps wear down their teeth naturally.

This chewing action helps maintain the proper length of their teeth, preventing dental issues that can arise from overgrowth. Additionally, gnawing on bones can help satisfy their natural urge to chew, keeping them mentally stimulated and reducing the risk of destructive behaviors.

Licking Bones for Minerals

While goats do not consume bones in large quantities, they may lick bones to obtain trace minerals. Bones contain small amounts of minerals like calcium and phosphorus, which are essential for the overall health and well-being of goats.

By licking bones, goats can supplement their diet with these minerals. It is important to note, however, that goats require a balanced diet that primarily consists of vegetation to meet their nutritional needs. Licking bones should only be seen as a supplement, not a main source of minerals.

Reasons Goats May Gnaw on Bones and Skulls

Goats have a reputation for being curious creatures, and their inclination to explore their surroundings can sometimes lead them to gnaw on bones and skulls. While it may seem strange, there are several reasons why goats engage in this behavior.

Curiosity and Exploration

One of the main reasons goats may gnaw on bones and skulls is out of curiosity and a desire to explore their environment. Goats have a natural instinct to investigate objects in their surroundings, and their inquisitive nature can lead them to nibble on various items, including bones.

This behavior allows them to satisfy their curiosity and better understand their surroundings.

Source of Calcium

Another reason goats may gnaw on bones is to obtain calcium. Calcium is an essential mineral for goats, as it plays a vital role in maintaining healthy bones, teeth, and overall bodily functions. While goats primarily obtain calcium from their regular diet, they may occasionally seek out alternative sources, such as bones, to supplement their needs.

However, it’s important to note that goats should have a well-balanced diet that provides all the necessary nutrients, including calcium, to prevent any deficiencies.

Instinct and Stress Relief

Gnawing on bones and skulls can also be a way for goats to relieve stress and satisfy their natural instincts. Just like other animals, goats have instincts that drive certain behaviors. Chewing on bones can provide a form of mental stimulation and help goats cope with stress or boredom.

This behavior can be particularly prevalent in captive goats or those in confined spaces, where they may not have access to a wide range of natural materials to engage with.

Establishing Dominance

In some cases, goats may gnaw on bones and skulls as a way to establish dominance within their herd. This behavior is more commonly observed in male goats, known as bucks, during the breeding season. By engaging in this activity, bucks assert their dominance and establish their place in the social hierarchy.

It’s important to note that while goats may engage in gnawing on bones and skulls, it is not a behavior that should be encouraged or promoted. The consumption of bones can pose a choking hazard or cause injury to the goat’s digestive system.

If you notice your goats exhibiting this behavior, it is recommended to provide them with appropriate toys, structures, and a well-balanced diet to redirect their curiosity and meet their nutritional needs.

Do Goats Eat Entire Goat Skulls or Brains?

Rare to Eat the Entire Skull

While goats are known to be curious and will eat a variety of plants, it is very rare for them to eat an entire goat skull. Goats are herbivores, meaning they primarily eat plant material such as grass, leaves, and shrubs.

Their digestive systems are not designed to efficiently break down and process animal bones.

Goats may occasionally nibble on bones for minerals, but it is unlikely that they would consume an entire goat skull. Additionally, goat skulls are quite large and would be difficult for a goat to consume in one sitting.

It is important to note that goats have a selective feeding behavior and are more inclined to eat plant-based materials that provide them with the necessary nutrients they need to thrive.

Eating Brains Would Be Very Unusual

While goats may occasionally eat small animal carcasses, it would be highly unusual for them to specifically seek out and consume the brains of a goat. Goats are not typically carnivorous and do not have the same hunting instincts as predators.

Furthermore, consuming brains can pose health risks for animals due to the potential presence of diseases such as scrapie. Scrapie is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) that affects the nervous systems of sheep and goats.

It is therefore unlikely that goats would willingly consume the brains of another goat.

It is important to provide goats with a balanced diet that consists primarily of plant-based materials to ensure their health and well-being.

Potential Risks of Goats Eating Bones

While goats are known for their ability to eat a wide variety of plant materials, including leaves, grass, and even tree bark, there are certain risks associated with them consuming bones, particularly goat heads.

These risks can affect the goat’s health and well-being, and it’s important for goat owners to be aware of them.

Choking Hazard

One of the primary risks of goats eating bones, including goat heads, is the potential for choking. Goats have a tendency to swallow their food without properly chewing it, which can lead to large bone fragments becoming lodged in their throat.

This can result in a life-threatening situation for the goat, requiring immediate veterinary intervention to remove the obstruction.

Dental Damage

Another concern related to goats consuming bones is the risk of dental damage. Goats have specialized teeth designed for grazing and chewing plant material, not bones. Gnawing on hard bones, such as goat heads, can cause fractures or wear down their teeth, leading to dental issues and pain.

Regular dental check-ups and providing appropriate dental care can help mitigate this risk.

Nutritional Imbalances

While bones do contain some nutritional value, they are not a complete or balanced source of nutrients for goats. Goats require a well-rounded diet consisting of hay, grass, and other plant materials to meet their nutritional needs.

Over-reliance on bones can lead to imbalances in their diet, resulting in deficiencies or excesses of certain nutrients. This can negatively impact their overall health and well-being.

Disease Transmission

Additionally, there is a risk of disease transmission when goats consume bones, especially if the bones are from other animals. Bones can harbor bacteria, parasites, or pathogens that can cause illness in goats.

It is important to ensure that any bones given to goats are from a safe source and properly cleaned to minimize the risk of disease transmission.

It is important for goat owners to provide a balanced and appropriate diet for their goats, focusing on feeding them a variety of plant materials that meet their nutritional needs. While goats may have a natural inclination to chew on bones, it is best to avoid offering them goat heads or any other bones as a regular part of their diet.

Providing appropriate alternatives for chewing and ensuring proper dental care are essential for maintaining the health and well-being of these curious and adaptable animals.


While goats may nibble, chew, and lick the bones and skulls of other goats, it would be extremely rare for them to eat an entire head. They stick to vegetation for the bulk of their diet. Gnawing on bones seems to satisfy curiosity, provide minerals, and help wear down teeth.

Hopefully this article gave you a detailed look at the intriguing question of whether goats eat other goats’ heads. Let us know if you have any other questions about goat behavior and diet!

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