Goats are adorable, friendly animals that provide many benefits, like milk and fiber. But they have a gross habit that gives some people pause: eating their own poop, a behavior known as coprophagia. If you’ve ever wondered, “Do goats really eat poop?” you’re not alone.

While the idea seems disgusting to us, coprophagia is normal for goats. In this approximately 3000 word article, we’ll explore why goats eat poop, which goats are most likely to do it, what their poop consists of, whether it’s unhealthy or dangerous, and how to stop the behavior.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Yes, it is common for goats to eat their own poop. They do this to absorb undigested nutrients from their food. It is a normal behavior for goats that usually does not indicate an underlying health issue.

Why Do Goats Eat Their Own Poop?

It may seem strange and even disgusting, but goats are known to engage in a behavior called coprophagia, which refers to the consumption of their own feces. While it may be off-putting to us humans, there are several reasons why goats exhibit this behavior.

Obtaining Nutrients

One reason why goats eat their own poop is to obtain nutrients that were not fully digested during their initial digestion process. Goats have a unique digestive system that allows them to extract as many nutrients as possible from their food.

However, there are certain nutrients, such as proteins and B vitamins, that are not fully absorbed in the first pass. By consuming their feces, goats have a second chance to extract these valuable nutrients, ensuring that they receive all the nourishment they need to thrive.

Exploring Their Environment

Another reason why goats engage in coprophagia is to explore their environment. Goats are curious animals that use their sense of taste to learn about the world around them. By sampling different types of feces, goats can gather information about the plants and animals in their surroundings.

This behavior serves as a form of sensory exploration and helps them adapt to their environment.

Boredom or Stress

In some cases, goats may resort to eating their own poop out of boredom or stress. Just like humans, animals can become bored or stressed when their environment lacks stimulation or when they experience changes that disrupt their routine.

Coprophagia can be a coping mechanism for goats, providing them with a temporary distraction or relief from their negative emotions. It’s important for goat owners to ensure that their animals have a stimulating and enriching environment to prevent these behaviors.

What Types of Goats Are Most Likely to Eat Poop?


When it comes to coprophagia, or the eating of feces, goats are not immune. In fact, it is more common than you might think. One group of goats that is particularly prone to this behavior is kids. Young goats, especially those under six months old, are more likely to engage in coprophagia.

This behavior is thought to be a result of their curious and exploratory nature, as they are still learning about the world around them.

Although it may sound strange to us humans, eating poop can actually serve a purpose for young goats. It allows them to acquire important bacteria and microorganisms that aid in the development of their digestive system.

Additionally, it helps to populate their gut with beneficial bacteria, which can aid in the digestion of their food.

Pregnant and Lactating Goats

Pregnant and lactating goats are also more likely to engage in coprophagia. This behavior is believed to be driven by the increased nutritional demands placed on their bodies during these stages. By consuming their own feces, pregnant and lactating goats are able to extract additional nutrients and energy from their waste, helping to support the growth and development of their offspring.

Goats on Low-Quality Diets

Another group of goats that may engage in coprophagia are those on low-quality diets. Goats that are not receiving sufficient nutrients from their regular feed may resort to eating their own poop as a way to supplement their diet.

This is particularly true if the goats are lacking in essential minerals and vitamins.

It’s important to note that coprophagia in goats is not always a sign of a problem. In some cases, it may be a normal behavior that serves a purpose. However, if you notice excessive or abnormal coprophagia in your goats, it is recommended to consult with a veterinarian to rule out any underlying health issues.

What Exactly is in Goat Poop?

Goat poop, also known as goat feces or manure, is a natural byproduct of the goat’s digestive system. It consists of various components that provide valuable insights into the health and diet of these fascinating animals.

Undigested Organic Matter

One of the main components found in goat poop is undigested organic matter. Goats have a unique digestive system that allows them to efficiently extract nutrients from their food. However, some parts of the plant matter, such as fibers and cellulose, are difficult to break down completely.

As a result, you may find pieces of grass, leaves, or other plant materials in their feces.

Bacteria and Other Microbes

Goat poop also contains a diverse community of bacteria and other microbes. These microorganisms play a crucial role in the goat’s digestion process. They help break down complex carbohydrates and convert them into simpler forms that the goat can absorb and utilize.

Additionally, some of these microbes aid in the production of vitamins, such as vitamin B, which are essential for the goat’s overall health.


While not present in every case, goat poop can sometimes contain parasites. These parasites can include various types of worms, such as roundworms and tapeworms, which can affect the goat’s health if left untreated.

Regular deworming and proper sanitation practices are essential to prevent the spread of parasites and maintain the well-being of the goats.

It’s important to note that the composition of goat poop may vary depending on factors such as the goat’s diet, overall health, and environmental conditions. If you notice any abnormalities or concerns with your goats’ feces, it is always best to consult a veterinarian for proper evaluation and guidance.

For more information on goat health and nutrition, you can visit reputable sources such as extension.org or nap.edu.

Is Eating Poop Unhealthy for Goats?

One of the most intriguing behaviors observed in goats is coprophagia, or the act of eating their own poop. While it may seem gross to us humans, it is actually a natural behavior for goats and serves several purposes. Let’s explore whether eating poop is unhealthy for goats or not.

Nutritional Benefits

Believe it or not, eating poop can provide some nutritional benefits for goats. Goat droppings contain undigested plant matter that still retains valuable nutrients. By consuming their own feces, goats are able to extract additional nutrients and maximize their nutrient intake.

This is particularly important for goats that graze on low-quality or fibrous vegetation. It helps them extract every bit of nutrition from their food, ensuring they receive all the essential vitamins and minerals they need to stay healthy.

Additionally, goat droppings contain beneficial gut bacteria that aid in digestion. By consuming their own feces, goats are able to reintroduce these beneficial bacteria back into their digestive system, promoting a healthy gut flora balance.

Risk of Parasites

While there are nutritional benefits to coprophagia, there are also potential risks involved, especially when it comes to the presence of parasites. Goat droppings can harbor parasites such as worms, coccidia, and other harmful microorganisms.

Eating infected feces can lead to reinfection or the transmission of parasites to other goats in the herd. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that goats have access to clean and sanitary living environments to minimize the risk of parasites.

To prevent the spread of parasites, regular deworming and fecal testing should be implemented. This helps to identify and treat any potential parasite infestations before they become a serious health concern for the goats.

Other Health Considerations

Aside from the risk of parasites, there are a few other health considerations to keep in mind when it comes to coprophagia in goats. While occasional consumption of their own feces is generally not harmful, excessive or prolonged coprophagia could be a sign of nutritional deficiencies or underlying health issues.

It is important to monitor goats’ eating habits and consult with a veterinarian if coprophagia becomes excessive or if goats show signs of poor health.

How to Stop Goats from Eating Poop

Provide a Balanced Diet

One of the main reasons goats engage in coprophagia, or the consumption of feces, is because they may be lacking certain nutrients in their diet. To prevent this behavior, it is essential to provide goats with a well-balanced and nutritious diet.

This should include a variety of fresh grass, hay, and forage, as well as appropriate minerals and vitamins.

Consulting with a veterinarian or an experienced goat nutritionist can help ensure that the goats are receiving all the necessary nutrients in their diet. Additionally, monitoring their food intake and making adjustments as needed can help minimize the chances of coprophagia.

Reduce Stress

Stress can be a contributing factor to coprophagia in goats. It is important to create a calm and stress-free environment for the goats to minimize this behavior. Providing them with adequate space, shelter, and a clean living area can help reduce stress levels.

Regular exercise and socialization with other goats can also help alleviate stress. Additionally, ensuring that goats have access to fresh, clean water at all times is crucial for their overall well-being and can help prevent them from seeking alternative sources of hydration, such as consuming their own feces.

Use Feeders

Using feeders can help prevent goats from consuming their own poop. By providing a designated area for feeding, goats are less likely to come into contact with their feces. Feeders can also help keep the feed clean and prevent contamination.

Ensure that the feeders are at an appropriate height for the goats and are easily accessible. Regularly cleaning and disinfecting the feeders can further discourage coprophagia and promote good hygiene practices.

Supplements and Deterrents

In some cases, adding certain supplements to the goats’ diet can help deter them from eating their own poop. For example, garlic powder or other natural additives can create a taste that goats find unappealing in their feces.

There are also commercial products available that are specifically formulated to deter coprophagia in goats. These products can be added to the goats’ feed or water to discourage this behavior. However, it is important to consult with a veterinarian before introducing any supplements or deterrents to ensure they are safe and appropriate for the goats.

Remember, while coprophagia in goats can be a natural behavior, it is important to address it to maintain their overall health and prevent the potential spread of parasites or diseases. Implementing a combination of these strategies can help stop goats from eating their own poop and promote a healthier and more hygienic environment for them.


While the idea of goats eating poop may seem gross to us, coprophagia is completely natural goat behavior. Goats evolved to maximize nutrients from their food by passing it through their digestive system twice. Though the habit can pose some health risks, goats gain many benefits from eating poop.

With a proper diet and low-stress environment, goats will eat less of their own feces. Understanding why goats eat poop helps us appreciate these friendly farm animals and their unusual dietary habits.

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