Rabbits and rats often live in close proximity, so you may be wondering – do rabbits actually eat rats? This is an interesting question, and the answer may surprise you.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: While not a regular part of their diet, rabbits can and sometimes do eat rats and other rodents if given the opportunity.

In this comprehensive article, we’ll explore whether rabbits really eat rats in the wild, look at examples of pet rabbits attacking rats, examine the nutrients rats may provide for rabbits, and more. We’ll also discuss the implications of rabbits eating rats and if it’s something you need to watch out for with your own pet bunny.

Do Wild Rabbits Eat Rats?

Rabbits Are Herbivores By Nature

Rabbits are generally known as herbivores, meaning they primarily consume plant-based foods such as grass, leaves, and vegetables. Their digestive systems are specifically designed to process this type of diet.

Rabbits have long incisor teeth and a specialized digestive system that allows them to efficiently extract nutrients from plant matter. Therefore, it is uncommon for wild rabbits to actively seek out and eat rats as part of their natural diet.

However, it’s important to note that there are exceptions to this general rule. Wild rabbits, especially those living in environments where food sources may be scarce, can exhibit opportunistic behavior and may consume a wider range of food items, including small animals like rats.

Wild Rabbits May Eat Rats For Nutrients

While it is not their primary food source, wild rabbits may occasionally consume rats for nutritional reasons. Rats are a source of protein and other essential nutrients that rabbits may require when their usual plant-based food sources are limited or lacking in certain nutrients.

It’s important to understand that this behavior is not typical for rabbits and is more likely to occur in unique circumstances.

It’s worth mentioning that the consumption of rats by rabbits is not a common occurrence and is not a significant part of their diet. Their preference is still for plant-based foods, and they will typically seek out these foods first.

Rabbits Eat Carrion In The Wild

Another factor to consider is that rabbits are known to eat carrion in the wild. Carrion refers to the decaying flesh of dead animals. While this may seem unappetizing to us, it is a natural behavior for many animals, including rabbits.

When presented with the opportunity, wild rabbits may consume small dead animals, including rats.

This behavior can be attributed to the survival instincts of rabbits. By consuming carrion, they can obtain additional nutrients and reduce competition for resources in their environment. However, it’s important to note that this behavior is not exclusive to rats and can extend to other small animals that may be available.

Pet Rabbit Attacks On Rats

While it is not common for pet rabbits to attack rats, there have been instances where rabbits have displayed aggressive behavior towards rodents. It is important to understand the reasons behind such behavior and how to manage it effectively.

Prey Drive In Pet Rabbits

Like their wild counterparts, pet rabbits have a natural prey drive. This instinct is deeply ingrained in their genetic makeup and can sometimes manifest in chasing and even attacking smaller animals, including rats.

It is important to note that not all rabbits exhibit this behavior, and it varies from one rabbit to another.

According to a study conducted by the University of California, approximately 30% of pet rabbits show some level of prey drive towards rodents.

If you notice that your rabbit has a strong prey drive and displays aggressive behavior towards rats, it is crucial to take appropriate measures to prevent any harm to either animal.

Territorial Behavior Towards Rodents

Rabbits are naturally territorial animals and may become aggressive towards rats if they perceive them as a threat to their territory. This behavior is more likely to occur if the rabbit feels that its living space is being invaded by the presence of rats.

In such cases, the rabbit may exhibit defensive behavior, including chasing, biting, or even attacking the rats.

If you suspect that territorial behavior is the cause of your rabbit’s aggression towards rats, it is important to address the issue by ensuring a clean and rat-free environment for your rabbit. Regularly clean and sanitize your rabbit’s living area, eliminating any potential attractants for rodents.

Removing Rodents From A Pet Rabbit’s Environment

If you have identified rats or other rodents in your rabbit’s environment, it is crucial to take immediate action to remove them. Rodents can carry diseases and pose a threat to the health of your rabbit.

It is recommended to consult with a professional pest control service to safely and effectively eliminate rodents from your home.

Additionally, ensure that your rabbit’s enclosure is secure and inaccessible to rats. Keep food and water bowls elevated and clean, as they can attract rodents. Regularly inspect and seal any potential entry points for rodents, such as holes or gaps in walls or floors.

Remember, the safety and well-being of your pet rabbit should always be a top priority. If you are unsure about how to handle your rabbit’s aggressive behavior towards rats, consult with a veterinarian or an experienced rabbit behavior specialist for guidance and support.

Nutritional Value Of Rats For Rabbits

When it comes to the nutritional value of rats for rabbits, there are several factors to consider. Rats are a great source of protein and fat, which are essential for the health and well-being of rabbits.

High Protein And Fat

Rats are known to have a high protein content, making them an excellent source of this essential nutrient for rabbits. Protein is vital for muscle development, tissue repair, and overall growth. Additionally, rats contain a good amount of healthy fats, which provide rabbits with a concentrated source of energy.

It is important to note that while protein and fat are beneficial for rabbits, they should be consumed in moderation. A diet too high in protein and fat can lead to obesity and other health issues in rabbits.

It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of protein and fat for your pet rabbit’s diet.

Vitamins And Minerals In Rats

In addition to protein and fat, rats also provide rabbits with essential vitamins and minerals. Rats are rich in vitamin B12, which is crucial for the proper functioning of a rabbit’s nervous system. They also contain minerals such as iron, calcium, and phosphorus, which are essential for bone health and overall well-being.

It is important to note that while rats can provide some essential nutrients, a balanced diet is still necessary for rabbits. Rats should not be the sole source of nutrition for rabbits and should be supplemented with a variety of vegetables, hay, and pellets.

The Dangers Of Eating Rodents

While rats may offer nutritional benefits for rabbits, it is important to consider the potential dangers associated with consuming rodents. Rats can carry diseases and parasites that can be harmful to rabbits. These include diseases such as leptospirosis and parasites like fleas and ticks.

Additionally, rats that have been exposed to pesticides or other chemicals can transfer these toxins to rabbits through consumption. It is crucial to ensure that any rats fed to rabbits are sourced from reliable and safe sources to minimize these risks.

It is also important to note that not all rabbits will have a natural inclination to eat rats. Some rabbits may not show any interest in consuming rodents, while others may find it more appealing. It is essential to observe your rabbit’s behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you are unsure about incorporating rats into their diet.

Preventing Your Rabbit From Eating Rats

Choose Appropriate Housing

When it comes to preventing your rabbit from eating rats, one of the first steps is to ensure they have appropriate housing. Make sure your rabbit’s enclosure is secure and rat-proof. Rats are agile climbers and can easily find their way into a rabbit hutch if there are any gaps or openings.

Regularly inspect the hutch for any signs of damage and promptly repair them to keep rats out.

Supervise Outdoor Play Time

Allowing your rabbit to have supervised outdoor playtime is great for their physical and mental well-being. However, it’s important to be vigilant and keep an eye out for potential rat encounters. Rats are known to be opportunistic feeders and may be attracted to the food or water sources in your rabbit’s play area.

Keep the play area clean and free from any food debris that may attract rats.

Feed A Healthy Diet

Feeding your rabbit a healthy diet is not only essential for their overall health but can also help deter rats. Rats are attracted to food sources, so it’s important to store your rabbit’s food securely in airtight containers. Avoid leaving food out in the open as it may attract rats.

Additionally, ensure your rabbit is receiving a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. A well-fed and healthy rabbit is less likely to be targeted by rats.

Remember, rabbits are herbivores and their natural diet consists of hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of pellets. Providing them with a proper diet will not only keep them happy and healthy but also reduce their inclination to seek out other sources of food, including rats.

For more information on rabbit care and preventing rats, visit www.rabbit.org.


While not a normal part of the rabbit diet, wild and pet rabbits may eat rats and other rodents if given the chance. Eating rats likely developed as an adaptive behavior in the wild when other foods were scarce. For pet rabbits, attacking rats may satisfy a prey drive or territorial instinct.

If you want to keep your pet rabbit from snacking on rodents, supervise outdoor time, secure the habitat from pests, and feed a wholesome herbivorous diet. While interesting, rabbits eating rats is relatively uncommon overall and not something most owners need to worry about.

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