If you’re a proud bunny owner, you likely want to ensure your furry friend has the best diet possible. Providing the right foods is key to keeping bunnies healthy and happy.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Bunnies can eat a variety of vegetables and leafy greens like romaine lettuce, kale, parsley, cilantro, and carrots. They also need unlimited access to timothy hay and fresh water.

Avoid iceberg lettuce and foods high in carbohydrates or fat content.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about your bunny’s dietary needs. We’ll discuss the best vegetables, fruits, hay, pellets, and treats to feed. We’ll also talk about foods to avoid and proper portions for your pet rabbit.

Ideal Diet for Pet Rabbits

Providing the correct diet is crucial for the health and well-being of pet rabbits. A well-balanced diet ensures that they receive all the necessary nutrients for growth, development, and maintenance. Here is a detailed guide on the ideal diet for pet rabbits.

Mostly Hay and Leafy Greens

The foundation of a rabbit’s diet should be high-quality hay, such as Timothy or Orchard grass. Hay is essential for maintaining good dental health and proper digestion in rabbits. It also helps wear down their constantly growing teeth and prevents dental problems.

Rabbits should have unlimited access to hay at all times.

In addition to hay, leafy greens should make up a significant portion of a rabbit’s diet. Examples of safe leafy greens include kale, romaine lettuce, spinach, and cilantro. These greens are rich in vitamins and minerals, providing essential nutrients for rabbits.

It’s important to introduce new greens gradually and observe any adverse reactions.

Limited Pellets

Pellets are a concentrated source of nutrients and should be fed to rabbits in moderation. They should make up a small portion (about 10-20%) of a rabbit’s daily diet. Look for high-quality pellets that are specifically formulated for rabbits.

Avoid those with added sugars, seeds, or colorful pieces, as these can be harmful to rabbits.

When feeding pellets, it’s important to measure the appropriate portion size based on the rabbit’s weight and age. Overfeeding pellets can lead to obesity and other health issues. Always consult with a veterinarian for specific feeding guidelines for your rabbit.

Treats in Moderation

While treats can be an enjoyable part of a rabbit’s diet, they should be given in moderation. Treats should only make up a small portion (less than 5%) of a rabbit’s daily food intake. Too many treats can lead to weight gain and digestive problems.

When choosing treats for rabbits, opt for healthy options like small pieces of fruits or vegetables. Avoid sugary or starchy treats, as they can disrupt a rabbit’s delicate digestive system. Always introduce new treats gradually and watch for any adverse reactions.

Remember, rabbits have sensitive digestive systems, so it’s important to introduce new foods slowly and observe how they react. If you have any concerns about your rabbit’s diet or health, consult with a veterinarian for personalized advice.

Vegetables Bunnies Can Eat

Leafy Greens

Leafy greens are an essential part of a bunny’s diet as they provide valuable nutrients and fiber. Some popular leafy greens that bunnies can eat include:

  • Romaine lettuce
  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Swiss chard

These leafy greens are not only tasty for bunnies but also packed with vitamins and minerals that promote their overall health. However, it’s important to introduce new leafy greens gradually to avoid digestive upset.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are another great addition to a bunny’s diet. They offer a different texture and flavor experience for your furry friend. Some root vegetables that bunnies can enjoy include:

  • Carrots
  • Parsnips
  • Turnips
  • Radishes

Root vegetables are a good source of fiber and provide essential vitamins and minerals. However, they should be given in moderation as they contain higher amounts of sugar compared to leafy greens.


Brassicas, also known as cruciferous vegetables, are another group of veggies that bunnies can safely consume. These vegetables are not only nutritious but also add variety to their diet. Some examples of brassicas that bunnies can munch on are:

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Cabbage

Brassicas are packed with vitamins and minerals, making them a healthy choice for bunnies. However, it’s crucial to introduce these vegetables slowly to avoid any digestive issues.

Remember: When feeding your bunny vegetables, always wash them thoroughly to remove any pesticides or dirt. It’s also essential to introduce new vegetables gradually and monitor your bunny’s reaction. If you notice any digestive issues or unusual behavior, consult with a veterinarian.

For more detailed information on what foods are safe for bunnies to eat, you can visit the House Rabbit Society website. They provide comprehensive guidelines on bunny nutrition and care.

Fruits Bunnies Can Eat

Bunnies love to munch on a variety of fruits, but it’s important to know which ones are safe for them to eat. Fruits can be a great addition to a bunny’s diet as they provide essential nutrients and vitamins.

However, not all fruits are suitable for bunnies, and some can even be harmful to their health. In this section, we will explore the fruits that bunnies can safely enjoy.

High Fiber Fruits

Bunnies require a high-fiber diet to maintain a healthy digestive system. Therefore, it’s beneficial to include high-fiber fruits in their diet. Some examples of high-fiber fruits that bunnies can eat include:

  • Apples: Apples are a great source of fiber and vitamin C. However, it’s essential to remove the seeds and core before feeding them to your bunny.
  • Berries: Strawberries, raspberries, and blueberries are all safe for bunnies to eat. They are low in sugar and high in antioxidants.
  • Oranges: Oranges are packed with vitamin C and fiber. Bunnies can enjoy a small slice of orange as a treat.

Remember to introduce these fruits gradually into your bunny’s diet and monitor their response. Too much fruit can upset their digestive system and cause diarrhea, so moderation is key.

Occasional Fruits

While some fruits can be part of a bunny’s regular diet, others should be given only occasionally. These fruits may be higher in sugar or have other properties that can be harmful if consumed in excess. Some occasional fruits that bunnies can enjoy include:

  • Bananas: Bunnies can have small pieces of banana as an occasional treat. Bananas are high in sugar, so it’s important not to overfeed them.
  • Grapes: Grapes can be given to bunnies in small amounts. Be sure to cut them into smaller pieces to prevent choking hazards.
  • Pineapple: Pineapple can be offered to bunnies as a tasty treat. However, it should be given sparingly due to its high sugar content.

It’s crucial to remember that fruits should only make up a small portion of a bunny’s overall diet. The majority of their diet should consist of hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of pellets. Always consult with a veterinarian before making any significant changes to your bunny’s diet to ensure their health and well-being.

Other Important Foods for Bunnies

Unlimited Timothy Hay

Timothy hay is an essential part of a rabbit’s diet and should be available to them at all times. It is high in fiber and helps maintain a healthy digestive system. Rabbits love to chew on hay, and it also helps to wear down their teeth, which continuously grow.

You can purchase Timothy hay from pet stores or online retailers. Make sure to store it in a cool, dry place to prevent mold.

Limited Pellets

Pellets are another important food source for bunnies, but they should be given in limited quantities. High-quality rabbit pellets contain all the necessary nutrients for your pet’s well-being. However, feeding them too many pellets can lead to obesity and other health issues.

Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate portion size for your rabbit based on their age, weight, and activity level.

Healthy Treats

While treats can be a great way to bond with your bunny and provide them with variety in their diet, it’s important to choose healthy options. Avoid sugary or high-fat treats, as they can lead to digestive problems and weight gain.

Instead, opt for fresh fruits and vegetables that are safe for rabbits. Some popular choices include carrots, apples, and leafy greens like lettuce or parsley. Remember to introduce new treats gradually to avoid any stomach upset.

For more detailed information on what foods are safe for bunnies to eat, you can visit the House Rabbit Society or consult with a knowledgeable veterinarian.

Foods to Avoid for Bunny Health

Iceberg Lettuce

While lettuce is often considered a staple in a bunny’s diet, it’s important to avoid feeding them iceberg lettuce. Iceberg lettuce contains a high water content and lacks the necessary nutrients that bunnies need.

Instead, opt for darker and leafier greens like romaine lettuce, kale, and spinach, which provide more vitamins and minerals for your furry friend.

Starchy Vegetables

Bunnies should generally avoid starchy vegetables such as potatoes, corn, and peas. These vegetables are high in carbohydrates and can lead to digestive issues if fed in excess. It’s best to stick to non-starchy vegetables like bell peppers, broccoli, and carrots, which are healthier options for your bunny’s diet.

Sugary Fruits and Treats

While bunnies may have a sweet tooth, it’s important to limit their intake of sugary fruits and treats. Fruits like grapes and raisins can be harmful to bunnies if consumed in large quantities due to their high sugar content.

Instead, offer small portions of fruits like apples, strawberries, and blueberries as occasional treats.


Bunnies are lactose intolerant and should not be given any dairy products. Dairy can cause digestive issues and upset stomachs in bunnies. It’s important to avoid giving them milk, cheese, yogurt, or any other dairy-based products.

Stick to a diet that consists of fresh vegetables, hay, and pellets to ensure your bunny stays healthy and happy.


Bunnies are herbivores and should not be fed any type of meat. Their digestive system is not designed to process animal protein. Feeding them meat can lead to severe health issues and can even be fatal for these small creatures. Stick to a plant-based diet for your bunny to ensure their well-being.

Processed Foods

Processed foods, such as chips, crackers, and cookies, should be strictly avoided when it comes to feeding your bunny. These foods are high in salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats, which can be detrimental to their health.

Stick to natural and fresh foods for your bunny’s diet to keep them happy and healthy.

Remember, a bunny’s diet should primarily consist of fresh vegetables, hay, and pellets. It’s essential to provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet to ensure their overall well-being. If you have any concerns or questions about your bunny’s diet, it’s always best to consult with a veterinarian or a rabbit expert for guidance.

Tips for Feeding Your Bunny

Give Unlimited Hay

Hay is the most important part of a bunny’s diet. It provides essential fiber that helps keep their digestive system healthy. Make sure to give your bunny unlimited access to fresh, high-quality hay. Timothy hay is a popular choice, but other options like orchard grass or oat hay can also be beneficial.

You can find hay at pet stores or online retailers.

Introduce New Foods Slowly

When introducing new foods to your bunny, it’s important to do so gradually. Bunnies have sensitive digestive systems, so sudden changes in their diet can cause stomach upset. Start by offering small amounts of the new food and monitor your bunny’s reaction.

If there are no adverse effects, you can gradually increase the portion size.

Limit Pellets Based on Age

Pellets can be a part of a bunny’s diet, but they should be given in moderation. For young bunnies under six months old, pellets should make up a larger portion of their diet. However, as they grow older, the amount of pellets should be reduced.

Adult bunnies should have a diet primarily consisting of hay and fresh vegetables.

Provide Fresh Water

Just like any other pet, bunnies need access to fresh water at all times. Make sure to provide clean water in a bowl or a water bottle that is securely attached to their enclosure. Check the water regularly to ensure it is clean and refill it as needed.

Dehydration can be a serious issue for bunnies, so it’s important to keep them hydrated.

Consider Supplements

In some cases, supplements may be necessary to ensure your bunny is getting all the necessary nutrients. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian before adding any supplements to your bunny’s diet.

They can guide you on the appropriate dosage and which supplements are suitable for your bunny’s specific needs.


Providing the proper diet is one of the most important parts of caring for your bunny. Stick to mostly hay, leafy greens, and a few select vegetables and fruits. Avoid iceberg lettuce and high-carb, high-fat foods. Feed a limited amount of pellets based on your bunny’s age.

With the right foods offered in proper portions, your bunny friend will thrive on their specialized herbivore diet.

By understanding your bunny’s nutritional needs, you can help ensure a long, healthy, and happy life. Your furry friend will thank you for taking the time to learn what foods bunnies can eat.

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