If you have ever walked into your backyard to find the gruesome aftermath of your dog attacking and eating a rabbit, you likely have a lot of questions and concerns. Rabbits are common prey for dogs, so this unfortunate event does happen from time to time.

The short answer is that in most cases, your dog will be fine health-wise after eating a rabbit. However, there are some important things you’ll need to watch out for, both for your dog’s safety and for your own peace of mind.

In this comprehensive, 3000+ word guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know if your dog ate a rabbit.

What to Do Immediately After Your Dog Eats a Rabbit

Discovering that your dog has eaten a rabbit can be a cause for concern. While it’s a natural instinct for dogs to chase and catch small animals, it’s essential to take the right steps to ensure your dog’s safety and well-being after such an incident.

Here are some important actions you should take immediately:

Check Your Dog for Injuries

First and foremost, it’s crucial to assess your dog for any injuries they may have sustained during the encounter with the rabbit. Look for any signs of bleeding, scratches, or puncture wounds. Pay close attention to sensitive areas such as the mouth, face, and paws.

If you notice any injuries, it’s best to seek veterinary attention as soon as possible to prevent any potential complications or infections.

Monitor Your Dog Closely

After your dog has consumed a rabbit, it’s important to keep a close eye on them for any signs of illness or distress. Watch for symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, or changes in behavior.

While it’s normal for dogs to experience some digestive upset after consuming unfamiliar prey, persistent or severe symptoms warrant veterinary attention. Remember that each dog is unique, and their reaction to eating a rabbit may vary, so it’s essential to be vigilant.

Contact Your Vet

If you’re unsure about how your dog may react to eating a rabbit or if you have any concerns about their health, it’s best to reach out to your veterinarian. They will be able to provide you with professional advice tailored to your dog’s specific situation.

Your vet may ask questions about your dog’s size, breed, and any pre-existing health conditions to better assess the potential risks and provide appropriate guidance. They may also recommend bringing your dog in for a check-up, especially if your dog shows any unusual symptoms.

Remember, your veterinarian is the best resource for reliable information and guidance when it comes to your dog’s health. They will be able to assess the situation and provide you with the necessary steps to ensure your dog’s well-being after consuming a rabbit.

Potential Health Risks to Your Dog

Gastrointestinal Upset

One of the potential health risks when a dog eats a rabbit is gastrointestinal upset. The rabbit’s meat can be tough on a dog’s digestive system, causing vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach discomfort. It is important to monitor your dog closely after they have consumed a rabbit and contact your veterinarian if any concerning symptoms arise.

In most cases, the gastrointestinal upset is temporary and resolves on its own within a day or two.

Bone Fragments

Another concern when a dog eats a rabbit is the risk of bone fragments. Rabbits have small and delicate bones that can splinter easily. If a dog ingests these bone fragments, they can cause choking, internal injuries, or blockages in the digestive tract.

It is crucial to keep an eye on your dog and make sure they are not gnawing on the rabbit’s bones. If you suspect your dog has swallowed bone fragments, seek veterinary assistance immediately.


Rabbits can carry various parasites that can be transmitted to dogs through ingestion. These parasites include fleas, ticks, mites, and intestinal worms. If your dog consumes a rabbit, they may become infested with these parasites, leading to skin irritations, itching, and potential health complications.

Regular preventive measures such as flea and tick control and deworming should be part of your dog’s routine healthcare to minimize the risk of parasite infestation.


Tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted to dogs through contact with infected rabbits. The bacteria responsible for tularemia can be found in the organs, blood, and body fluids of infected animals.

Dogs can become infected by consuming infected rabbits or through exposure to contaminated carcasses. Symptoms of tularemia in dogs include fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, and swollen lymph nodes. If you suspect your dog has been exposed to tularemia, seek immediate veterinary attention as it can be treated with antibiotics.


While not directly related to the act of eating a rabbit, it is important to consider the potential exposure to pesticides when your dog consumes wildlife. Rabbits, like other wild animals, may have come into contact with pesticides or other chemical substances in their environment.

These chemicals can be toxic to dogs if ingested. To minimize the risk, it is advisable to discourage your dog from hunting or eating wild animals and to keep them away from areas where pesticides have been used.

Preventing Your Dog from Eating Rabbits

Train Your Dog to Leave Rabbits Alone

One of the most effective ways to prevent your dog from eating rabbits is by training them to leave these furry creatures alone. Start by teaching your dog the “leave it” command. Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, to reward your dog when they listen to your command.

It’s important to be consistent and patient during the training process. Remember, dogs are naturally curious and may chase after rabbits out of instinct, so it’s crucial to reinforce the training regularly.

Supervise Your Dog Outside

When your dog is outside, it’s essential to supervise them closely to ensure they don’t have the opportunity to chase or catch rabbits. Rabbits are fast and agile, and if your dog manages to catch one, it could potentially harm or kill the rabbit.

Always keep an eye on your dog and be ready to intervene if they start showing signs of pursuing a rabbit. Use a leash or have your dog in a secure, fenced area to reduce the chances of them encountering a rabbit unexpectedly.

Rabbit-Proof Your Yard

To further minimize the risk of your dog eating rabbits, consider rabbit-proofing your yard. This involves taking steps to make your yard less appealing to rabbits and creating barriers to prevent them from entering.

Some effective methods include installing a fence that extends underground to prevent rabbits from digging under it, removing any potential hiding places or food sources for rabbits, and using natural repellents like predator urine or strong-smelling plants that deter rabbits.

For more information on preventing your dog from eating rabbits, you can visit www.akc.org. They provide valuable resources and tips on dog training and behavior.

Ethical Considerations Around Dogs and Rabbits

When it comes to dogs and rabbits, there are several ethical considerations that every pet owner should be aware of. Understanding these considerations can help ensure the well-being of both animals and promote responsible pet ownership.

Rabbits Experience Fear and Pain

Rabbits are prey animals and have a natural instinct to flee from predators, including dogs. When a dog chases or attacks a rabbit, it can cause significant fear and stress for the rabbit. This can lead to physical injuries, such as bite wounds or broken bones, as well as psychological trauma.

It is important to recognize that rabbits are living beings capable of experiencing fear and pain, and their welfare should be a top priority.

According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), it is crucial to provide a safe and secure environment for both rabbits and dogs. This may involve keeping them separated or closely supervised to prevent any potential harm.

Instinct vs Training

It is essential to understand that dogs have a natural instinct to chase and hunt small animals, including rabbits. This instinct can be difficult to completely eliminate, even with training. While some dogs may be able to coexist peacefully with rabbits, others may have a stronger prey drive that makes it unsafe for them to be in close proximity.

It is recommended to consult with a professional dog trainer or behaviorist if you are considering introducing a dog and a rabbit into the same household. They can assess the individual personalities and behaviors of both animals and provide guidance on how to manage their interactions safely.

Being a Responsible Pet Owner

As a responsible pet owner, it is your duty to ensure the well-being and safety of all animals under your care. This includes taking the necessary precautions to prevent any harm to rabbits when living with a dog. Some important steps you can take include:

  • Proper Introduction: When introducing a dog and a rabbit, it is vital to do so in a controlled and supervised manner. This allows for gradual acclimation and helps to minimize any potential stress or aggression.
  • Secure Enclosures: Providing secure enclosures for both the dog and the rabbit is essential. This ensures that they are unable to come into direct contact with each other when unsupervised.
  • Training and Socialization: Proper training and socialization for both the dog and the rabbit can help establish boundaries and promote positive interactions.
  • Regular Veterinary Care: Ensuring that both the dog and the rabbit receive regular veterinary care is crucial for their overall health and well-being. Regular check-ups can help identify any potential health issues early on.

By being a responsible pet owner and considering the ethical implications of having a dog and a rabbit in the same household, you can create a safe and harmonious environment for both animals to thrive.

When to Call the Vet After Your Dog Eats a Rabbit

While it is not uncommon for dogs to have a natural instinct to chase and catch small animals like rabbits, it is important to be aware of any potential health issues that may arise if your furry friend actually eats one.

In most cases, a dog consuming a rabbit may not cause any significant problems. However, there are certain situations where it is crucial to call your veterinarian for guidance and assistance.

Vomiting or Diarrhea

If your dog experiences repeated episodes of vomiting or diarrhea after ingesting a rabbit, it is important to contact your vet. While occasional vomiting or loose stools may not be cause for immediate concern, persistent and severe symptoms can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.

Your veterinarian will be able to assess the severity of the symptoms and provide appropriate treatment.

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain or discomfort can be a sign that something is not right with your dog’s digestive system after consuming a rabbit. If your dog is exhibiting signs of discomfort such as restlessness, whining, or a hunched posture, it is best to consult your veterinarian.

They can perform a physical examination and possibly order diagnostic tests to determine the cause of the abdominal pain.


If your dog appears unusually lethargic or weak after eating a rabbit, it could be a sign of an underlying health issue. Lethargy is characterized by a lack of energy, decreased interest in activities, and excessive sleeping.

While dogs may naturally feel tired after a vigorous chase, prolonged lethargy should not be ignored. Contact your vet to rule out any potential complications.

Loss of Appetite

A sudden loss of appetite after consuming a rabbit may indicate a gastrointestinal problem. If your dog refuses to eat or shows disinterest in food for more than 24 hours, it is recommended to reach out to your veterinarian.

Loss of appetite can lead to weight loss, malnutrition, and other health complications. Your vet can help determine the cause and provide appropriate guidance.

Remember, every dog is different, and their reaction to eating a rabbit can vary. It is always better to err on the side of caution and seek professional advice if you have any concerns about your pet’s health.

Your veterinarian will be able to provide personalized guidance based on your dog’s specific situation.


While the aftermath of your dog attacking and eating a rabbit can be distressing, in most cases your dog will recover on their own with no lasting health effects. Still, be sure to monitor them closely for any signs of illness and take action to prevent it from happening again.

With some training and supervision, you can curb your dog’s instincts to chase rabbits and live peacefully alongside these delicate creatures.

Similar Posts