Rabbits are adorable, floppy-eared creatures that brighten up any home. As a loving bunny owner, you want to keep your furry friend happy and healthy by feeding them the right foods. But can bunnies eat paper?

This is a common question for rabbit owners, especially those with free-roam bunnies who may nibble on books, mail, or other household items.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Yes, bunnies can eat small amounts of paper occasionally. However, paper does not provide good nutrition for rabbits, and too much can cause digestive issues. Read on for a more in-depth look at bunny diets and digestion.

In this detailed, 3000+ word guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about rabbits and paper. You’ll learn about the anatomy of a rabbit’s digestive system, their nutritional needs, what types of paper are safe versus dangerous, how much is too much, and much more.

We’ll also provide tips on bunny-proofing your home to avoid unwanted paper-chewing.

An Overview of Rabbit Digestion

Rabbit Teeth and Chewing Instincts

Rabbits are known for their adorable floppy ears and fluffy tails, but they also have a unique set of teeth that play a crucial role in their digestion process. Unlike humans, rabbits have teeth that continuously grow throughout their lives.

This is because their diet mainly consists of fibrous plant materials, such as hay and grass, which require constant chewing to break down.

The chewing instinct of rabbits is fascinating. They have a specialized set of front teeth, called incisors, which they use to cut and slice the food. These incisors are very sharp and can easily gnaw through tough vegetation.

Additionally, rabbits have another set of teeth called molars, which are located at the back of their mouths. These molars are responsible for grinding and crushing the food into smaller, more manageable pieces.

The Rabbit Digestive Tract

Once the food is chewed and swallowed, it travels through the rabbit’s digestive tract, which is quite different from that of humans. The journey starts in the mouth and continues down the esophagus, where it reaches the stomach.

Unlike humans, rabbits do not have a gallbladder, which means they lack the ability to produce bile to break down fats.

From the stomach, the food then enters the small intestine, where most of the nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream. The small intestine is followed by the large intestine, where water is absorbed and the remaining indigestible materials form the feces.

Cecotropes and Hindgut Fermentation

One intriguing aspect of rabbit digestion is the production of cecotropes. Cecotropes are soft, nutrient-rich pellets that rabbits produce in a special part of their digestive system called the cecum. These pellets are different from the typical hard feces that rabbits eliminate.

Cecotropes are rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins, and they play a crucial role in the rabbit’s nutrition. After being produced in the cecum, the rabbit ingests these cecotropes directly from the anus, a behavior known as “coprophagy.”

This allows the rabbit to reabsorb the essential nutrients that were not fully digested during the initial pass through the digestive tract.

The Role of Fiber in a Rabbit’s Diet

Why Rabbits Need Fiber

Fiber plays a crucial role in a rabbit’s diet and is essential for their overall health and well-being. Rabbits are herbivores, and their digestive system is specifically designed to process high-fiber foods such as grass, hay, and leafy greens.

Rabbits have a unique digestive process in which fiber passes through their system and helps maintain optimal gut health. The high-fiber content of their diet promotes proper digestion, prevents gastrointestinal stasis (a condition where the gut slows down or stops), and reduces the risk of gastrointestinal issues such as bloating and diarrhea.

Fiber also helps keep a rabbit’s teeth healthy. Rabbits have continuously growing teeth, and chewing on fibrous foods helps wear down their teeth naturally, preventing dental problems like overgrown teeth or tooth spurs.

Sources of Fiber for Pet Rabbits

The primary source of fiber for pet rabbits is hay. Timothy hay, orchard grass hay, and meadow grass hay are excellent choices as they are rich in fiber and low in calories. Feeding your rabbit a variety of hays can provide them with different types of fiber and keep their diet interesting.

In addition to hay, fresh leafy greens such as romaine lettuce, kale, and cilantro are also great sources of fiber. It is important to introduce new greens gradually to avoid digestive upset. Remember to wash the greens thoroughly and remove any pesticides or harmful substances before feeding them to your rabbit.

While some rabbits may enjoy nibbling on paper or cardboard, it is important to note that these materials do not provide the necessary fiber for their diet. Ingesting large quantities of paper or cardboard can lead to gastrointestinal blockages, which can be dangerous for rabbits.

Therefore, it is best to provide your rabbit with appropriate sources of fiber and avoid giving them access to paper or cardboard.

Health Consequences of Fiber Deficiency

If a rabbit’s diet lacks sufficient fiber, it can lead to various health issues. One common problem is gastrointestinal stasis, where the gut slows down or stops, causing a decrease in appetite, bloating, and discomfort.

Without enough fiber, the rabbit’s digestive system may struggle to pass food through, leading to potentially life-threatening complications.

Fiber deficiency can also contribute to dental problems in rabbits. When rabbits do not have enough fibrous foods to chew on, their teeth may not wear down properly, resulting in overgrown teeth or tooth spurs. This can cause pain, difficulty eating, and may require veterinary intervention.

To ensure your rabbit’s well-being, make sure to provide a balanced diet rich in fiber from appropriate sources such as hay and fresh greens. Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor your rabbit’s health and address any potential dietary concerns.

Can Rabbits Safely Eat Paper?

Paper as an Occasional Treat

Rabbits have a natural instinct to chew on things, and paper can be a tempting option for them. While paper is not a part of their natural diet, it can be given to them as an occasional treat. However, it is important to remember that paper should never be the main source of nutrition for rabbits.

It should only be given in small quantities and as an occasional enrichment activity.

When giving paper to rabbits, it is recommended to use plain, unprinted, and non-toxic paper. Colored or glossy paper should be avoided as it may contain chemicals that can be harmful to rabbits. It is also important to monitor the rabbit while they are chewing on paper to ensure they do not swallow large pieces that could cause digestive issues.

Some rabbits may enjoy shredding paper as a form of entertainment and mental stimulation. Providing them with paper tubes or shredding paper into small strips can be a great way to satisfy their natural instinct to chew and keep them entertained.

Dangers of Paper Consumption

While paper can be safe for rabbits to chew on in moderation, there are some potential dangers associated with paper consumption. Rabbits have sensitive digestive systems, and consuming large quantities of paper can lead to digestive blockages or obstructions.

This can be very serious and may require immediate veterinary attention.

It is important to note that rabbits should not be given paper that has been treated with chemicals, such as ink or adhesive. These substances can be toxic to rabbits and should be avoided at all costs.

Additionally, paper with sharp edges or staples should never be given to rabbits, as it can cause injuries to their mouth or digestive tract.

Rules for Safe Paper Feeding

When offering paper to rabbits, there are a few rules to follow to ensure their safety:

  1. Use plain, unprinted, and non-toxic paper.
  2. Avoid colored or glossy paper.
  3. Monitor the rabbit while they are chewing on paper.
  4. Do not allow the rabbit to swallow large pieces of paper.
  5. Avoid giving paper treated with chemicals or containing sharp edges or staples.

By following these guidelines, you can safely offer paper as an occasional treat for your rabbit while minimizing the risk of digestive issues or other health problems.

Preventing Unwanted Paper Chewing

Bunny-Proofing Your Home

Bunnies are naturally curious creatures and love to explore their surroundings, which often leads to chewing on anything they can find, including paper. To prevent unwanted paper chewing, it’s important to bunny-proof your home.

This involves removing any accessible paper items, such as books, magazines, and loose paper, from your rabbit’s reach. Keep in mind that bunnies are excellent jumpers and climbers, so make sure to secure any paper items out of their reach.

Additionally, consider using baby gates or creating a designated play area for your bunny to limit their access to paper.

👍 Pro Tip: If you have a home office or study with important documents, it’s best to keep them stored in a closed cabinet or drawer to prevent your bunny from getting to them.

Providing Safe Chew Toys

Rabbits have a natural need to chew to keep their teeth healthy and worn down. Providing safe chew toys can redirect their chewing behavior away from paper. Opt for toys made specifically for rabbits, such as applewood sticks, willow balls, or cardboard tubes.

These toys not only satisfy their chewing instincts but also provide mental stimulation and enrichment. Regularly inspect the chew toys to ensure they are not worn down or damaged, as this can pose a choking hazard for your bunny.

👏 Fun Fact: Did you know that rabbits’ teeth never stop growing? Chewing on appropriate items helps keep their teeth at a healthy length!

Addressing Boredom or Anxiety

Sometimes, rabbits may chew on paper out of boredom or anxiety. If you notice your bunny engaging in excessive paper chewing, it’s essential to address the underlying cause. Ensure your rabbit has plenty of mental and physical stimulation through daily playtime, interactive toys, and a spacious living environment.

If your bunny seems anxious, consider providing hiding spots, such as tunnels or cardboard boxes, to make them feel secure. Additionally, consult with a veterinarian or a rabbit behavior specialist for further guidance on managing your bunny’s anxiety.

😊 Tip: Regularly rotate your bunny’s toys and provide new ones to keep them engaged and entertained!

By implementing these preventive measures, you can help discourage your bunny from indulging in paper chewing and ensure their overall well-being. Remember, providing a safe and stimulating environment for your rabbit is crucial for their happiness and health!

When to Seek Veterinary Care for Paper Eating

Signs of Intestinal Blockage

If you notice that your bunny has been nibbling on paper and is displaying any of the following symptoms, it is crucial to seek veterinary care immediately:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Decreased or absence of droppings
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Distended or bloated abdomen

These signs can indicate a possible intestinal blockage, which is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. Intestinal blockages can be life-threatening if left untreated.

Treating Paper Obstructions and GI Stasis

If your bunny has ingested a significant amount of paper and is experiencing gastrointestinal stasis (a condition where the digestive system slows down or stops), your veterinarian will likely recommend a combination of treatments:

  • Fluid therapy to maintain hydration
  • Pain medication to alleviate discomfort
  • Gentle stomach massage to stimulate digestion
  • Feeding critical care formula to provide essential nutrients

Depending on the severity of the blockage, surgery may be necessary to remove the obstruction. It is important to follow your veterinarian’s advice and closely monitor your bunny’s progress during the recovery process.

Long-Term Health Consequences

While the occasional nibble on paper may not cause immediate harm to your bunny, frequent or excessive paper consumption can have long-term health consequences. The fibers in paper can accumulate in the digestive system and lead to chronic gastrointestinal issues, such as inflammation and diarrhea.

Additionally, if your bunny develops a habit of eating paper, it may increase the risk of other foreign object ingestion, which can result in repeated intestinal blockages. This can be both physically and emotionally distressing for your furry friend.

Remember, prevention is always better than cure. Keep paper and other potential hazards out of your bunny’s reach to ensure their safety and well-being.

For more information on rabbit diet and digestive health, you can visit the House Rabbit Society website, a reputable source for rabbit care and education.


In conclusion, bunnies can occasionally eat small amounts of some types of paper as an extra source of fiber. However, paper does not provide complete nutrition and too much can lead to digestive issues.

By understanding rabbit digestion, providing a proper diet, bunny-proofing your home, and watching for signs of trouble, you can keep your rabbit healthy and happy.

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