Goats are known for their cast iron stomachs and ability to eat almost anything. If you’ve ever wondered whether goats will eat paper too, you’re not alone! Paper is made from cellulose fibers from trees and plants, so it would seem logical that goats could digest it.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: goats can and do sometimes eat paper, especially if they’re bored or lacking other forms of roughage in their diet. They don’t digest it very well though.

The Goat Digestive System

When it comes to the goat digestive system, these curious creatures are quite unique. They have a specialized system that allows them to efficiently break down and utilize the food they consume, including paper.

Designed to Digest Fiber

Goats are ruminant animals, which means their digestive system is specially adapted to digesting fibrous plant material. This includes not only grass and leaves but also paper. The high fiber content in paper can actually be beneficial for goats as it helps to keep their digestive system healthy and functioning properly.

However, it’s important to note that while goats can eat paper, it should not make up a significant portion of their diet and should be fed in moderation.

Four Compartment Stomach

One of the key features of a goat’s digestive system is its four-compartment stomach. Each compartment serves a specific purpose in the digestion process. The first compartment, called the rumen, is where the initial breakdown of food occurs.

It contains a wide array of microorganisms that help break down complex carbohydrates, such as the cellulose found in paper, into simpler compounds that can be digested by the goat.

The second compartment, the reticulum, acts as a filter and helps to further break down the food particles. The third compartment, the omasum, absorbs water and nutrients from the partially digested material.

Finally, the fourth compartment, the abomasum, functions similarly to the stomach of other animals and is responsible for further breaking down the food using stomach acids.

Microbes Break Down Fiber

Within the rumen, there are billions of microbes that play a crucial role in the digestion of fiber. These microbes have the ability to break down complex carbohydrates, such as cellulose, into volatile fatty acids, which are then absorbed by the goat’s body.

This symbiotic relationship between goats and the microbes in their rumen allows them to extract nutrients from fibrous plant material, including paper.

It’s worth noting that while goats have a remarkable ability to digest paper, it’s still important to provide them with a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutritious foods. Paper should only be offered in small quantities as a treat or enrichment activity, rather than a staple part of their diet.

For more information on goat nutrition and digestive health, you can visit https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/AS/AS-595-W.pdf, a comprehensive resource from Purdue University Extension.

Do Goats Naturally Eat Paper?

When it comes to the question of whether goats naturally eat paper, the answer is not a simple yes or no. While goats are primarily herbivores and their diet consists mainly of grass, hay, and other vegetation, they are known to be curious and inquisitive animals.

As a result, goats may explore their surroundings by nibbling on various objects, including paper.

Goats Will Explore With Their Mouth

Goats are notorious for their habit of exploring the world around them with their mouths. This behavior is known as “browsing” and is an instinctive behavior that allows goats to gather information about their environment.

They may chew on different materials, such as branches, leaves, or even non-edible objects like paper. It’s important to note that this behavior is not necessarily indicative of a nutritional need for paper, but rather a natural curiosity.

Paper Provides Fiber

Paper, especially when it is made from plant fibers, contains cellulose, which is a type of dietary fiber. While goats primarily obtain their necessary fiber from grass and hay, nibbling on paper may provide them with an additional source of fiber.

However, it is important to ensure that goats have access to a balanced diet that includes an adequate amount of fiber from appropriate sources.

Lacking Other Roughage

In some cases, goats may be attracted to paper if they are lacking other sources of roughage in their diet. Roughage refers to fibrous plant material that aids in digestion and provides bulk. If goats do not have enough roughage in their diet, they may seek alternative sources, such as paper, to fulfill their chewing needs.

It is essential to evaluate the goat’s diet and make any necessary adjustments to ensure they are receiving the appropriate nutrition.

While goats may exhibit a natural curiosity towards paper and may occasionally nibble on it, it is important to remember that paper is not a suitable or necessary part of their diet. Providing goats with a well-balanced diet that includes proper roughage and fiber is crucial for their overall health and well-being.

Risks of Feeding Paper to Goats

Paper is Difficult to Digest

While goats are known for their ability to consume a wide variety of plant material, paper is not a natural part of their diet. Goats have a unique digestive system that is designed to process fibrous vegetation.

However, paper contains cellulose fibers that are harder for goats to break down compared to the cellulose found in plants. This can lead to digestive issues and discomfort for the goats.

Risk of Impaction

Feeding paper to goats increases the risk of impaction in their digestive tract. Impaction occurs when foreign objects, such as paper, accumulate and block the normal flow of food and waste through the digestive system.

This can cause severe discomfort, pain, and even lead to life-threatening conditions. It is important to provide goats with a diet that is appropriate for their digestive system to avoid such risks.

Ink and Other Contaminants

Another concern when feeding paper to goats is the potential presence of ink and other contaminants. Paper used in commercial products often contains ink, glue, and other chemicals that may be harmful to goats when ingested.

These substances can cause digestive disturbances, toxicity, and other health issues. It is crucial to ensure that the paper being fed to goats is free from any harmful substances.

It is always best to consult with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist before introducing any new items into a goat’s diet. They can provide guidance on the proper nutrition and ensure the well-being of your goats.

For more information on goat nutrition and care, visit reputable sources such as the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service or the University of Minnesota Extension.

Better Alternatives for Fiber

While goats are known to have a curious and sometimes mischievous appetite, it is not recommended to feed them paper as a source of fiber. Paper lacks the necessary nutrients and can potentially cause digestive issues for goats.

However, there are several other alternatives that can provide goats with the fiber they need for a healthy diet.

Grass and Hay

One of the best sources of fiber for goats is grass and hay. These natural forages are not only readily available but also provide essential nutrients and roughage. Goats have a unique digestive system that allows them to efficiently break down cellulose found in grass and hay, making it an ideal choice for their diet.

It is important to ensure that the grass and hay are of good quality and free from mold or contaminants.

Browse Plants

Browse plants, such as leaves, twigs, and branches from various trees and shrubs, are another great source of fiber for goats. They not only provide essential roughage but also offer a variety of flavors and textures that can help keep goats engaged and satisfied.

Some browse plants that are safe for goats to consume include blackberry bushes, willow trees, and mulberry leaves. However, it is essential to research and ensure that the plants being offered are non-toxic for goats.

Healthy Human Food Scraps

While goats primarily thrive on forage, they can also benefit from certain healthy human food scraps. Vegetables like carrot tops, broccoli stalks, and lettuce can provide additional fiber to their diet.

However, it is crucial to avoid feeding them anything toxic or harmful, such as onions or chocolate. Additionally, any human food scraps should be given in moderation and be used as a supplement rather than a primary source of fiber.

Remember, maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for the overall health and well-being of goats. It is always recommended to consult with a veterinarian or experienced goat owner for specific dietary recommendations based on the breed, age, and individual needs of your goats.

When Paper-Eating May Be Normal

Have you ever wondered if goats eat paper? You may be surprised to learn that there are situations where goats may indeed indulge in this unusual behavior. While it may seem strange to us, there are a few reasons why goats might eat paper.

Kids Exploring Their Environment

One possible reason for goats eating paper is when they are kids, or young goats. Just like human children, young goats are naturally curious and eager to explore their surroundings. This includes tasting and chewing on various objects, including paper.

It’s their way of learning about the world around them and testing different textures and tastes.

However, it’s important to note that this behavior is usually temporary and tends to diminish as the goats grow older. As they mature, they develop a more diverse diet and become less inclined to eat non-food items.

Boredom or Stress

Another reason why goats may eat paper is due to boredom or stress. Goats are intelligent and social animals that require mental stimulation and engagement. If they are kept in an environment with limited opportunities for entertainment or if they are experiencing stress, they may resort to chewing on paper as a form of self-soothing or as a way to alleviate their boredom.

To prevent this behavior, it’s important to provide goats with a stimulating and enriching environment. This can include toys, structures to climb on, and access to pasture where they can graze and forage.

Additionally, ensuring that goats have companionship from other goats or animals can also help reduce boredom and stress.

Lack of Other Food Sources

In some cases, goats may eat paper simply because they lack other food sources. Goats are natural foragers and will consume a wide variety of plants and vegetation. However, if they are in an environment where food is scarce or they are not provided with enough nutritious feed, they may resort to eating paper out of necessity.

If you notice that your goats are consistently eating paper, it’s important to evaluate their diet and make sure they are receiving adequate nutrition. Consult with a veterinarian or an animal nutritionist to ensure that your goats are getting the proper balance of nutrients.

Remember: While it is not necessarily harmful for goats to eat small amounts of paper, it’s always best to discourage this behavior and provide them with appropriate alternatives and a well-balanced diet.

Preventing and Stopping Paper-Eating

While it may seem strange, goats have been known to eat paper on occasion. Whether it’s curiosity, boredom, or a nutritional deficiency, this behavior can be concerning for goat owners. However, there are several steps you can take to prevent and stop paper-eating in your goats.

Provide Adequate Roughage

One of the main reasons goats may turn to paper as a snack is because they are not receiving enough roughage in their diet. Roughage, such as hay or fresh grass, is essential for proper digestion and helps keep goats feeling full.

Make sure to provide a constant supply of high-quality roughage to your goats to satisfy their grazing instincts and reduce the likelihood of them seeking out paper as an alternative.

Reduce Boredom

Just like humans, goats can get bored if they don’t have enough mental and physical stimulation. Boredom can lead to destructive behaviors, including paper-eating. Ensure that your goats have access to a spacious and enriching environment with plenty of opportunities for exercise and exploration.

Providing toys, structures to climb on, and social interaction with other goats can help alleviate boredom and discourage paper-eating.

Paper-Proof Your Space

If you have valuable documents or important paperwork in your goat’s vicinity, it’s essential to take precautions to protect them. Keep paper out of reach by storing it in sealed containers or cabinets. Install barriers or fences around areas where paper is stored to prevent goats from accessing it.

Additionally, consider using goat-proof containers or bins for any paper waste to avoid tempting your goats with potential snacks.

Redirect With Treats

If you catch your goat in the act of eating paper, it’s important to redirect their attention to a more appropriate alternative. Keep a supply of goat-friendly treats on hand and offer them to your goats as a distraction.

This will help teach them that there are more enjoyable things to eat than paper. Gradually, they will learn to associate treats with positive reinforcement and be less inclined to seek out paper as a snack.

Consult a Veterinarian

If your goat’s paper-eating behavior persists despite your best efforts, it may be necessary to consult a veterinarian. They can assess your goat’s overall health and nutrition to ensure there are no underlying issues contributing to this behavior.

They may also recommend additional dietary supplements or adjustments to help address any nutritional deficiencies that could be driving the paper-eating habit.

Remember, each goat is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Be patient and consistent in your efforts to prevent paper-eating, and don’t hesitate to seek professional advice if needed.

With proper care and attention, you can help your goats develop healthy eating habits and keep them away from that tempting stack of paperwork.


In summary, goats are capable of eating paper due to their ability to digest fiber, but paper does not provide good nutrition for goats. Eating paper occasionally will likely not harm a goat, but it’s best to provide adequate healthy roughage and mental stimulation to prevent habitual paper-eating.

Monitoring your goat’s paper consumption and health is important. Consult a veterinarian if you have concerns about potential gastrointestinal blockages from paper.

With an understanding of natural goat behavior and digestive health, we can make sure our goat friends live long, productive, and paper-free lives!

Similar Posts